Please don’t use it as your wallpaper.
From all of the data that we have now, we know that Google Skia color profile is part of the issue here. However, we do not have other images that are made with Google Skia color profile to determine if it’s the culprit for sure.
UPDATE: If you’ve come here to say about the “one pixel being more than the maximum 255”, I’m aware of this. What we’ve done here is an umbrella method of outright removing the entire color profile, reverting it from Google Skia back to sRGB color profile.
P/S: Don’t ask us for the original image.
Here’s the stripped metadata version